Please find answers below.
1. What is the Hedonic Calculus and another name for it?
2. Distinguish between higher and lower pleasure giving examples.
3. Which utilitarian theory focuses upon the quantity of pleasure and which on the quality of pleasure?
4. What are 4 components of the hedonic calculus?
5. What does Bentham believe is the supreme moral good and Mill? Does Mill agree?
6. If you pick a lower pleasure over a higher pleasure what are you said to have?
7. What is Mill’s famous quote (hint. think pig)
8. How would you describe Utilitarianism?
9. What are three strengths of Utilitarianism (Act or Rule)?
10. What are three Weaknesses of Utilitarianism (Act or Rule)?
1. Felicific Calculus – this is a calculation used by the universal hedonists to calculate how much pleasure an action produces.
2. Higher pleasure are those of the mind e.g. feelings, imagination and intellectual pursuits. Lower pleasures are bodily pleasures e.g. sex, drinking and eating.
3. Bentham’s Act utilitarianism focuses upon the quantity of pleasure and Mill’s Rule utilitarianism focuses upon the quality of pleasure.
4. Any 4 from: (i) Remoteness (ii) Certainty (iii)Fecundity (iv)Purity (v)Intensity (vi)Duration (vii) Extent
5. Bentham believes the supreme moral good is happiness and Mill disagrees saying it is justice.
6. An infirmity of the mind.
7. “It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied”.
8. Secular, Consequentialist and Teleological theory.
9 and 10. For list of strengths and Weaknesses see my other post.