Graze Snacks Review

At the start 2017, 02 Priority customers were given the offer of 6 Graze snack boxes for 99p including delivery. There was no automatic subscription or hidden charges, so a pretty good deal especially as each box normally retails at 59p.

Inside the box…

  1. Veggie Caesar

The snack contains sour cream and onion kern pops, cheddar cheese bruschetta and edamame beans, totalling at 4.1g of protein. This was one of my favourite snacks, super delicious and flavoursome. The sour cream and onion flavour comes through pretty strong, it is one the reasons I really enjoyed this snack. For a little box, it contains 8.5% of recommended protein intake for women, so pretty good given its size. It is also quite light, so you can have it on your commute home and still have dinner when you get home. Thoroughly enjoyable!

  1. Banana Protein Flapjack

This snack contains three banana-flavoured protein flapjack made with rustic rolled oats and mixed seeds, totalling at 7.6g protein. These snacks are pretty small so it was surprising that I could have this flapjack for breakfast and not require anything else. It goes very well with coffee, as it rather sweet and maybe slightly too banana-y on its own. What I enjoyed the most about this snack is that it was a simple flapjack, not over-complicated with millions of different seeds and dried fruit. The protein level is again pretty high for a little flapjack which could pass for a dessert, so impressed with the snack again.

  1. Lightly Toasted Pistachios

This box contains gently roasted Californian pistachios with a touch of salt, totalling at 3.3g of protein. I don’t have much to say as it is literally a small box of pistachios with a sprinkle of salt. I enjoy pistachios so I enjoyed the box, but if you are ordering from Graze I wouldn’t recommend this as you can get pistachios for a better price on Amazon etc.

  1. Punchy Protein Nuts

This box contains chilli and lime cashews, raw almonds, blanched peanuts, totalling at 8.9g protein. I love spice so for me this box was a delight (very proud of the rhyme)! The box had a lot of flavour just like the veggie caesar one and I found it to be quite filling as well. The blanched peanut compliment the spicy one, so overall great box.

  1. Sweet Memphis Barbecue

This box contains salsa peanuts, wild rice sticks and BBQ flavoured peas, totalling at 6.6g of protein. For a box that was not my favourite, I found this to be pretty addictive and left wanting more when finished.  I didn’t think the flavour was that great of the nuts, it’s more the coating/batter which gave it its addictiveness. The flavour is still savory, although more akin to sweet and sour than traditional savory snacks like the others. Not the best, but still enjoyable.

  1. Salted Fudge & Peanut Cookie

This is the only sweet box, containing baked salted peanuts, redskin peanuts, mini cocoa cookies and Cornish vanilla fudge, totalling at 7.1g protein. This box was great! I loved the flavour, it actually tasted like a salted caramel and peanut dessert. The little fudge squares were to die for and visually appealing. However, I don’t like eating these when I am looking for a healthy snack. This is because it isn’t amount the number or calories or protein but rather  the sources from which they are coming. The mini cookies and fudge squares aren’t exactly what I would call healthy sources. So great product, wouldn’t buy it if I was clean eating and if I did, treasure it for a desert or special occasion.

All in all, Graze offers some great tasting products in some funky packaging. However, I don’t see myself ordering from there again because I just don’t feel healthy eating Graze snacks. I think this is because the snacks like Salted Fudge aren’t healthy and some of savory ones contain sugar and other ingredients I don’t want to be putting into my body. In addition, for snacks that are not uber healthy, Graze is not cheap. Thus, I would rate Graze snacks as a 3 out 5 in respect to healthy eating and 4 out of 5 in terms of the snack in comparison to other foods.

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Goodness Project Subscription Box Review: February 2017

This is a review of the Feb 17 Goodness Project Box I received, see photo below.

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1.Deliciously Ella: Cashew & Ginger Energy Ball 

What is this?

“The Cashew and Ginger combination is our simplest ball, with just four ingredients – dates, cashews, oats and ginger – but it’s bursting with flavour, especially with the kick from the ginger. It makes a wonderful snack, especially for that mid-morning pick me up.”

Review

I had this as a snack an hour before my gym workout and having saved it as the last item to try from the box, I was pleasantly delighted. Deliciouslly Ella is interesting brand and I was initially a little sceptical of the product as I get the feeling that with these brand often it is style over substance and they are usually more expensive than regular versions of the product. This married with the factor that I am not a huge fan of energy balls as they tend to be largely made up of dates, I was not looking forward to having the product. However, I found the taste of the energy ball really quite delicious, it was very gingery and spicy and even the texture was more course than other date based products. I was also surprised that it kept me going throughout my 30 minute boot-camp workout. You don’t feel full up in the way you would if you had say peanut butter or a protein bar as a snack but it most definitely sustains. All in all, a winning product for me and I do think it deserves all the attention it gets, so 5 out 5!

2. Doves Farm: Lemon Zest Cookies 

What is it?

These award-winning cookies are baked in our dedicated gluten free bakery in Wiltshire that does not use gluten, milk, peanut, egg or soya. We combine zesty lemon and fragrant lemon oil with our special blend of naturally gluten free flours and some sugar. Our cookies are dairy-free so we use sustainable palm oil, sourced from certified Colombian farms where wildlife and habitats are protected. Since 1978 our original organic ethos remains at the heart of our business and is shared by our customers, farmers and suppliers worldwide.”

Review

I had these cookies as snacks, sometimes as an accompaniment to coffee and other times by itself as a breakfast cookie. Initially, I was disappointed to receive these because I thought my box would be full of all healthy snack and cookies aren’t exactly staple health foods. However, I understand that the Goodness Project brand is less about nutritional health food and more  about sustainable eating, trying new foods and pick me up. Actually, this in itself is a  great brand (despite my initial misunderstanding) and as a result, I have sent two one of hampers as gifts and they have been thoroughly enjoyed. Going back onto the cookies now, they are extremely fragrant and that what I think really stands out, I have never had such lemon smelling cookies and I quite enjoyed it. I never normally opt for peanut free or gluten free cookies, so trying them was an experience for me. The texture is different to regular cookies, more grainy if that makes sense! I quite enjoyed these cookies and were a lovely treat. I would rate these 4 out 5, because even though they were enjoyable, I don’t think they are stand out the way in which the Deliciously Ella energy ball is.

3. Hasslachers: Hot Chocolate Kraft Tube 

What is it?

“Luxury hot chocolate drops, made from Cirollo and Trinitario beans, which makes the perfect Hot Chocolate drink, these rare beans are unmatched in flavour.”

Review
I am not a big hot chocolate drinker so I initially thought that this product was going to a fail for me. However, upon opening you find little chocolate drops which look like Cadbury’s buttons. These drops are made of 100% pure cacao which as you will know is a super-food bursting in magnesium and anti-oxidants. This is great because it means I did not need to have this product as a hot chocolate. Also, they are quite bitter so I can imagine having to add honey or a sweetener to make the kind of hot chocolate that one is used too. I used these droplets as toppings to the Haagen Daaz Strawberry Cheesecake ice cream and sprinkled on my porridge. Thoroughly enjoyable but I am doubtful I would every purchase again, thus give it a rating of 3 out of 5.

4. Love Corn: Smoked BBQ

What is it?

A premium roasted corn snack that’s SUPER TASTY, ANTIOXIDANT RICH, SUPERBLY SEASONED AND DELICIOUSLY NON-GMO.Ya’ll ready for some BBQ goodness?  Smothered in smokin’ hickory, it’s all done nice and slow… you just don’t rush into something this good. Ya’ll better be kickin’ off those boots and stayin’ awhile.

Review

I love love love roasted corn, so this product did not last long at all. The quality and texture of the corn tasted just like any other roasted corn products e.g. Corn Nuts. The flavour was different as normally you find salted or chilli and lemon. The BBQ was flavoursome yet not spicy and not BBQ sweet either. I thoroughly enjoyed this product, apart from the seasoning I am not quite sure what differentiates this product from other corn snacks. I ate this product as a snack whilst watching Netflix, a real hit for me! I would give this product 5 out of 5.

5. Meridian: Organic Morello Cherry Fruit Spread 

What is it?

Organic Morello Cherry Fruit Spread, sweetened only with Organic Apple Juice Concentrate. Contains only naturally occurring sugars from fruit.”

Review

This is a product I would never purchase of my own accord because it wouldn’t appeal to me. I am a fan of raspberry or loganberry jam. Nevertheless, I was impressed with the product and found it worked better than regular jam in porridge because it was more chunkier (it has actual pieces of cherry in it). The cherries aren’t very sour and the apple juice makes a great accompaniment mixed into porridge. I am very satisfied with the product, not sure I would use it as a spread on crackers though! I would rate this product 5 out 5.

6. Rude Health: Brown Rice Crackers

What is it?

Brown Rice Crackers. Why are our Rice Crackers so much tastier that rice cakes? Maybe it’s because they’re thinner, so they’re crispier and more satisfying. Maybe it’s the whole grains of organic Piedmontese rice we use – they’re the best we’ve ever had. Whatever it is, Rude Health Rice Crackers are the perfect crunchy nibble with a little something on them, or even bare naked straight from the pack (just keep the curtains shut).”

Review

I ate this product in the same way I consumed the love corn snacks, whilst relaxing and watching a movie. I thought as these were plain brown rice crackers I would need to put some kind of spread or butter, but I actually quite enjoyed them on their own, as crisps. The ones that I received in the box were a bag of mini rice crackers so that is probably what also made having them on their own quite fun and tasty. I would rate this product as 4 out of 5 with the caveat they are not anything special or innovative. They are just mini brown rice crackers which I found enjoyable.;

7. Ombar: Coco Mylk Buttons

What is it?

Everyone loves chocolate buttons, but we’ve created these little bursts of deliciousness that love you back! Amazingly, these totally dreamy and creamy buttons are dairy and refined-sugar free. They are made to the same recipe as our super-popular Coco Mylk bar and even contain probiotics to help keep your tummy happy & healthy. At 25g per bag (and only 149 calories!) they’re the perfect chocolate treat for little kids and big kids alike!

Review

I love chocolate so to find a chocolate that will also benefit your body in some way is a dream. I felt that the quality of chocolate in this bag was high and it tasted delicious. You could not taste the probiotics or to put it another way if you had this blindfolded you would not know that this was a “healthy chocolate”. I had these on my commute home from work as a treat and thoroughly enjoyed it, I would give it a 5 out 5 rating and definitely purchase again.

8. Miracle Matcha: Health Mix-In

What is it?

“USING SOME OF THE MOST NUTRITIOUS NATURAL FOODS FROM AROUND THE WORLD, WE’VE CREATED A DELICIOUS AND VERSATILE SPRINKLE ‘TOPPING’ CRAMMED FULL OF FABULOUSLY HEALTHY INGREDIENTS INCLUDING THE ANTI-OXIDANT BOOSTING GOODNESS OF OUR SPECIAL WHITE TEA MIRACLE MATCHA.”

Review

Until this product, I had never heard of white tea matcha so it reassures me that purchasing a foodbox was a good idea as I have the opportunity to learn and try different products. This health mix in is a powder not dissimilar to the various flax seed ones you can buy at Holland and Barrett. I used it as a sprinkle on my breakfasts and mixed into some juices. You can’t really taste it in my experience of using it, but its good to know you are getting extra nutrients and try white tea matcha. I found the product enjoyable and innovative, I would rate it 5 out 5 and purchase again.

 

Rebranding Players

What is involved in rebranding?

Who are the ‘rebranding players’ and what strategies exist for places to improve themselves?

Who are the rebranding players?

Rebranding players are all the people who are involved in the rebranding process. They are people’s whose opinions affects the process.  This includes; local residents, private investors, central government, local authority and many more.

How has Cornwall improved itself?

A range of techniques has been applied to rebrand Cornwall. These techniques all refer back to the what geographer call the ‘post-production countryside’. This means how the countryside should be used as farming declines even more.

  1. Farm diversification is the method in which farmers expand into other industries. As the industry has been in decline this method allows them to earn extra revenue for themselves and increase tourism. Lobb’s Farm Shop in Cornwall is farm which diversified into having a farm shop, tour scheme and even a visitor centre. This is now the second most visited attraction in Cornwall after the Eden Project.
  2. Rural heritage has been an important theme in many rural places it is equivalent to industrial heritage in urban areas. For example in Cornwall food has always been something of an importance so a lot of advertising has been done setting a very foodie image.
  3. The food image is something of pride to Cornwall. Jamie Oliver’s fifteen restaurants are based there and celebrity chef Rick Stein is also over there. Visitors and residents enjoy it so much that they now prefer to call Padstow, Padstein!
  4. Cornwall has also attracted visitors through arts and culture. Du Maurier festivals in May are held to attract people interested in art. Theatre, music and dance are now available at Hall for Cornwall in Truro.
  5. To prevent the brain drain of Cornwall, University College Falmouth and Exeter have joined to form the Combined Universities of Cornwall. This means that students are attracted by a wider range of courses and extra support schemes are run for those who open businesses in Cornwall. 
  6. For young tourists exciting places such as the Extreme Sports Academy at Watergate Bay have opened to attracted a more younger crowd.

How was the Docklands rebranded itself?

East London has been attracted with the stimulus the Olympic games 2012. Obviously with such a major event many flagship developments including the Olympics village and Olympics stadium. However, other developments such as Canary Wharf in Tower Hamlets have helped the town grow economically too.

The new identity of a more sporty and environmentally London has been promoted through advertising and documentaries on the development on the site. Young children are also given a chance to visit sites which are nearly done especially with London being ahead of time in this respect.

Sports has always been quite a successful catalyst. For example the 2002 Commonwealth games in Manchester really helped draw in tourists. The thing with sports that makes it such a good stimulus it leaves behind a legacy which helps provide a long-term income to an area.

Who are the key players involved in rebranding London Docklands?

  1. Local residents – their opinion are important as at the end of the day the transformation is taking place for them.
  2. Private investors– without them the process fails. They supply the most investment into an area.
  3. International Olympics committee as they decide where the Olympics is held and without them there would be no stimulus.
  4. Local Authority – they give the planning permission etc.
  5. The London Development Agency (LDA) – they are responsible for all urban development in London.
  6. Central government – they set aside money to invest in the process.
  7. Boris Johnson and TFL – they are responsible for transporting over a million people everyday and the main decisions that take place.
  8. Land owners – after all something that they own is involved.
  9. Designers, developer and engineers are the ones who have the ideas and skills to make the process happen.

Sustainability of the Docklands…

London has promised to make the Olympics as green as possible as well as leaving a sustainable legacy. Here are some things which are taking place:

  1. Brownfield sites and being gentrified and developed.
  2. Lea Valley Park is a length of greenery along the side of the river which is being developed in the run up to the olympics.
  3. Electrical Pylons are being dismantled and all wires are being placed underground.
  4. Soil which contains cyanide and mercury is just being replaced but it is being cleaned and put back into the ground which is a more time-consuming but sustainable method.
  5. 90% of the material used in the preparation of the games is supposed to be reusable material.

Rural Rebranding

How successful has rebranding been in the Countryside?

The case study I have studied in relation to this topic is Cornwall.

What kinds of solutions do we witness in Cornwall?

  1. Rural tourism which is promoted by the media and ‘image’ of the place. Cornwall has tried to create a very ‘green’ and ‘food’ image. The media has promoted this by continually discussing the importance of being one with nature and that the ‘green’ way is the way forward.
  2. The countryside traditionally would have limited technology hence why in the past many people young people moved to the city. Now though places like Cornwall are just as technologically advanced as cities; modern houses were built and many hi-tech gadgets can be brought there. However, the quaternary sector is not as big in the countryside as it is in cities.Therefore, people still move to the city to get these specialist jobs.
  3. Many rural places have opened their own tourist attraction to bring in destination tourists. The rural town of Cornwall has their own enterprise e.g. the Eden Project which brings in over 1 million tourists a year.
  4. Adding value locally is the concept of making a place better and more prosperous. For example if more bins were added less litter would be on the floor and this would be an example of value added locally.
  5. Rural diversification in the past-production countryside includes farm diversification etc. Farm diversification is the process where by farms integrate into other industries as farming is not enough to keep a stable income. An example of this Lobb’s Farm Shop in cornwall which is now the second most visited attraction after the Eden Project. It offers visitors to purchase local produce, take tour  of the farm, an information centre and much more.

What methods can take place to investigate the success of rebranding?

  1. Oral histories/interviews – local residents and key players are interviewed and they help tell us about the history of a place and compare the past to the present. They can be recorder on electronic devices and analysed later. The one problem with this is that what people say will not be accurate and will be bias.
  2. Maps (goad, GIS etc.) – they can help us get an accurate image of what the place was like before and what it is like now. We can compare these to see if rebranding has been successful. However, it is not always possible yo get hold of historic maps.
  3. Visitor surveys – rebranding has a lot of influence on tourism; hence, visitor surveys allow us to get an idea whether it has been successful i.e. improved and increased tourism. Questions in the survey can be closed which is good for statistical analysis.
  4. Sphere of influence allows us to examine where rebranding has been most successful and when we see the results,we can make judgements on whether that is because rebranding has had some effect or not.
  5. Activity maps (inc. footfalls) help us see the economic activity in areas. Comparing footfall results from the past help us see whether rebranding has had an impact on economic activity. In theory economic activity should have increased.
  6. Questionnaires – these can be given to local residents, land owners, business owners etc. They help us get a clear idea that the people who rebranding has happened for, are they happy with it. Using closed question can allow us to statistically analyse data.
  7. ACORN and CAMEO are geo-demographic database which have quantitative data in relation to things like footfall. These data base allow us to see what changes has rebranding made to statistic e.g. number of people employed.
  8. Brochures and adverts – looking at these types of sources means we can see how the image of an area has changed. and looking at statistics like number of visitors allows us to see how successful rebranding has been at drawing in people.

Urban Rebranding

How successful have urban areas been in rebranding themselves?

I studied London Docklands as a case study for urban rebranding.

How has the Docklands rebranded itself?

  1. The Olympics 2012 has given Eastern London a stimulus of sport for rebranding. Being such a major event it has been organised in an efficient fashion and many developments have come into the area.
  2. Flagship developments have been developing. This includes the Olympic village which has affordable housing in it and many forms of sports stadiums and studios.
  3. Industrial Heritage is also an important aspect. In the 1980s, St Katherine’s Dock in Tower Hamlets, went through the process of rebranding. We saw evidence of industrial heritage there for example, sculptures of elephant, names of buildings e.g. ‘Ivory house’ and even old window designs were kept in some buildings.
  4. Being a sports event many opportunities have come about in the way of sports. For example sports training facilities and many stadiums will be used as leisure spaces after the event.
  5. St Katherine’s Dock which was rebranded in 1980s, has emphasis in allowing people to walk along the River Thames and the docks. Water is keep aspect in the regeneration of St Katherine’s Dock.
  6. The Olympics 2012 has taken on the challenge to be the greenest games ever. This means that developments are not just taking place on greenfield site, but brownfield sites too. Soil in these sites contains cyanide and mercury and rather than replacing the soil, it is been decided to be cleaned and put back on o the land. It is more costly but it more sustainable.

How can we measure the success?

  1. Photographs – they give us a feel for the place and comparing it to the photos from the past we can make judgements whether the change has been successful or not.
  2. Maps – again the give us accurate description of the physical landscape of what a place used to be and comparing it to a map from today we can see the change. We can also monitored how has the access of the city changed. Using figures we can say whether the access has been a success or not in drawing in visitors.
  3. Census is a database which contains a range of information from the employment status to the average number of people living per room. The last one took place in 2001 so when the next one happens in 2011 we can see whether figures such as employment status has improved or not.
  4. Www.upmystreet.com’ is similar to the census but this gives us profiles of a place as well as photographs and statistics. Looking at how a place is doing on this website we can decide if they are doing well or not.
  5. Blogs and forums are also good places to see what peoples opinions are of places and looking at different time intervals might show us whether people are getting a more positive image after rebranding.

Natural Law Theory

Here is a small video I created explaining Natural Law Theory (Below is transcript):

In this video I explore the strengths and weaknesses of Natural Law:

Transcript of Natural Law Theory

St Thomas Aquinas developed Natural Law theory from Aristotle and the Stoics in the 13th century. Natural Law is an absolutist and deontological theory. To believe and use Natural Law theory, one has to believe in God because Natural Law believes there is one Natural Law which has been issued by God. This means that what is wrong in one situation is wrong in ever situation and to determine what is right and wrong we look at the action itself, not the consequences. There is emphasis on innate human reason to work out how you should be living. Natural law is useful on issues where is the Bible is silent e.g. IVF.In order to use Natural Law correctly we need to identify what is known as the primary precepts. These are the basis of the theory. We need to first agree that these are the main function of life. The primary precepts are the five purposes of human life. The five primary precept are: (i) reproduction (ii) life – to live/ the supreme good (iii) education – makes people independent and fully adult (iv) worshipping God and (v) law and order – upholds justice. These precepts are immutable; they cannot be changed. From the primary precepts, secondary precept form. For example if we examine the principle of life and it is there to ensure that all actions which are life threatening are in the moral law as wrong e.g. murder, abortion, euthanasia, suicide etc are all wrong because the involve going against the precept of life.However, in reality it is not as easy as one action is good and one is evil. Some actions lead to both good and bad consequences which ever way you try and deal with it. For example, a pregnant women finds out she has cervical cancer. If the doctor performs a hysterectomy the baby dies and the mother survives. On the other hand, if she gives birth both the mother and the baby are at risk of dying. So whatever action the doctor takes there will both goos and bad consequences. This is called the principle of double effect. In these situations, two criteria need to be met to make it a permissible action. Firstly, the act itself must not be wrong and secondly, the person doing the action must not directly intend the evil outcome. So he doctor would do the hysterectomy with good intentions of saving the mother. This justifies his action.Casuistry is what applies these primary precepts to individual circumstances. These makes Natural Law quite flexible. It ensures that a solution can be produced from any situation. However, many consider this to be a weakness of the theory.They use the term casuistry pejoratively. This is because on one hand it states it is an absolutist theory and on the other it is allowing room for flexibility.

Natural Law allows us to know the divine and moral law through reason and revelation. Following Natural Law helps us perfect our virtues; both natural and theological. Natural virtues include prudence, temperance, fortitude and justice. Theological virtues include faith, hope and charity. For example, the primary precept of life means that life is extremely important. Therefore, the natural virtue of fortitude is perfected because no matter what happens, one is encouraged to stand strong and take care of our life and as mentioned before suicide will be considered immoral. 

Natural Law is based on five assumptions: (i) everything in nature has a purpose, (ii) nature was created by God, (iii) failure to develop this nature to the fullest is an imperfection, (iv) nature and its moral laws are knowable through reason and (v) natural law is part of some divine plan. Thats why for some people the theory fails. However, it has worked well and influenced the Roman Catholic denomination. For example, Roman Catholics believe abortion is wrong based on that it destroys the purpose of life: to live.

As mentioned, at the beginning Aristotleʼs philosophy influenced the Natural Law theory quite a lot. Aristotle in his theory of causality distinguishes between four causes which helps to explains something fully. Two of the four causes, efficient and final cause, Aquinas used to formulate the Natural Law theory. The efficient cause is what gets things done and the final cause is the end product. Hence, Aquinas goes on to say with us the accomplishment of the final cause/end product that equates to ʻgoodʼ we are doing the correct thing. If we can understand the final cause of an organism we can then work out the efficient cause/ the necessary processes to get the final cause done.

Natural Law is part of the branch of normative ethics. This is different to descriptive ethics. Natural Law is part of normative ethics because the impact of Aristotle’s causes moves it from being a theory that deals with what the population actually think it is right and wrong (descriptive ethics) to what they should think is right and wrong (normative ethics). This is because the natural processes required to fulfill the final cause are what should be right, not necessarily what is right at any given time. 

Earthquake Theory and Fieldwork

1) Earthquake theory

(i) What is an earthquake?

    

An earthquake is a sudden movement of the earth’s crust caused by the release of stress accumulated along tectonic plate boundaries or fault lines.

(ii) Why do earthquakes form?

The Earth’s surface is divided into pieces which all interlock each other like a jigsaw. 

These plates aren’t stationary. Below them there is hot liquid magma which makes plates move. When the plates move because of the hot magma underneath and make contact with another plate, energy is produced. The energy produced can be felt on the Earth’s surface through seismic waves. This is what we call an earthquake.

(iii) How do earthquakes form?

 The plates can interact with each other in four ways:

Boundary 

Plates Involved 

What Happens

Result 

Example

Destructive

Oceanic and Continental 

The denser oceanic plate subducts the continental plate causing hot molten rock to form and rise. This creates a volcano.

Volcano, Earthquakes and fold mountains

Nazca and South American Plates

Constructive

Oceanic and Oceanic 

Two plates move away from each other forcing hot magma to rise from underneath. 

Volcano and Earthquakes

North American and Eurasion Plates – Iceland

Collision 

Continental and Continental 

This is where two continental plates collide together and neither can sink hence forcing material upwards.

Earthquake and fold mountains 

Indian and Eurasion plates – Himalayas

Conservative 

Any 

Two plates slide past each other usually getting stuck. This builds pressure and when they finally release the pressure there is sudden movement.

Earthquake 

North American and Pacific Plates – San Andres Fault

(iv) Where are earthquakes usually found in the world?

The take place all over the world. They don’t just occur on plate boundaries, they also occur on minor faults. 80% of all tectonic activity take place on the boundary of the pacific plate. This includes; the Philippines islands, New Zealand, and Japan.

2. Earthquake fieldwork

(i) How can we measure the magnitude of an earthquake?

There are two ways of measuring the magnitude of an earthquake (i) the Mercalli scale and (ii) the Richter scale.

Mercalli scale

The Mercalli intensity scale is a numerical and subjective way of measuring the magnitude of earthquakes. It is a scale between 1-12; 1 being nothing being felt and 12 total destruction. The scale isn’t used very much today because it isn’t accurate because different will have different experiences which will reflect the different scores given to different earthquakes.

Richter scale 

The Richter scale is a numerical and objective way of measuring the magnitude of earthquakes. It is a scale between 1-10; it has a logarithm scale i.e. an earthquake measure 4 on the Richter scale is 10 times as big as one measuring 3.  This is the most popular way of predicting earthquakes today. It works by using seismometers to measure the seismic energy released.