Connectives & Conjunctions

The Transcript

So why should one be aware of connectives and utilise them?

Connectives are important because they allow you to make longer and more complex sentences. It helps the readers/listener understand how your two points connect together. They are also particularly important in professional environments because they show you are well-read and have more knowledge.

So in a nutshell conjunctions the help you elongate a sentence by adding clauses and phrases. However, this is done four different ways hence there are four different types of connectives.

  1. Additive– This is in essence the most simplest type. This adds details to your sentence which are not necessary for the reader/listener to know even though you may want them to know it. Examples of this include ‘and’  ‘also’.
  2. Temporal – This is another way to prolong your sentence but is done by adding details which are time-related. Examples of these include ‘after’ ‘then’
  3. Adversative – This is extremely important when balancing points and relating two opposing points. So for example if you are describing impacts of a heatwave you cannot just say it was good because it brought plenty of tourists in. People died. You need a word to replace that full stop to show how they connect. Examples include ‘however’ ‘but’
  4. Casual- This is another way in which we relate two sentences. However, this time it is done through explanation. Examples include ‘because’ ‘therefore’

Word Classes

1. What is an indefinite article? (2)
2. What is the opposite to an indefinite article and what is its function? (3)
3.How many types of adjectives are there? (1)
4. What are the types of adjectives called and what is their function? Give example (6)
5. How many types of common nouns are there? And what are they? (4)
6. What is an adverb? (1)
7. What words describe the position/location of something? Give an example (2)
8. How many types of conjunction are there? What are their functions? (8)
9. ‘Komilla’ ‘Wall Street’ are examples of what words? (1)
10.What is a determiner and give an example? (2) 

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Answers

1. It is a non-specified determiner.(1) It tells us nothing about the noun. They are ‘A’ or ‘An’ (1)
2. Definite article is the opposite to an indefinite article.(1) It is a specified determiner, it particularises a noun.(1) For example ‘The dog’ as opposed to ‘A dog’. (1)
3. There are two types of adjectives.
4. Attributive (1) – they come before the noun (1) – e.g. ‘The CLASSIC shirt’ (1)
Predicative (1) – they come after the noun (1) e.g. ‘The skirt is BEAUTIFUL’   (1)
5. There are two types of common nouns; abstract (1) – describe feeling and intangible things e.g. ‘joy’ (1)
Concrete (1) – they describe tangible things(1) e.g. ‘book’
6. An adverb is a word which describes the verb e.g. ‘she SOFTLY whispered’ (1)
7. Prepositional words (1)  e.g. ‘on’ ‘by’ (1)
8. There are four; Additional (1) – they allow us to add extra information (1) e.g. ‘and’
Temporal (1) – these describe the time aspect (1) e.g. ‘then’
Casual (1) – these describe the relationship between the two sets of information e.g. ‘because’
Adversative (1) they allow us to show the other side of the argument (1) e.g. ‘but’
9. Proper nouns (1)
10. They precede nouns and refer directly to them (1) e.g. ‘a’ ‘an’ ‘the’ ‘this’ ‘their’