Direct Effect

This video provides an in-depth analysis of the workings of direct effect with diagrams and notes to aid understanding.

Causation

This video introduces the causation requirement in criminal law.

But before preceding to the videos here is a JPEG overview:

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There are 6 types of Novus Actus Interveniens that will be explored:

1. Natural Interventions/Acts of God

2. Third Party Interventions

3. Medical Interventions

4.  Drug Supply

5. Thin Skull/Egg Shell Rule

6. Victim Flight