Rebranding Players

What is involved in rebranding?

Who are the ‘rebranding players’ and what strategies exist for places to improve themselves?

Who are the rebranding players?

Rebranding players are all the people who are involved in the rebranding process. They are people’s whose opinions affects the process.  This includes; local residents, private investors, central government, local authority and many more.

How has Cornwall improved itself?

A range of techniques has been applied to rebrand Cornwall. These techniques all refer back to the what geographer call the ‘post-production countryside’. This means how the countryside should be used as farming declines even more.

  1. Farm diversification is the method in which farmers expand into other industries. As the industry has been in decline this method allows them to earn extra revenue for themselves and increase tourism. Lobb’s Farm Shop in Cornwall is farm which diversified into having a farm shop, tour scheme and even a visitor centre. This is now the second most visited attraction in Cornwall after the Eden Project.
  2. Rural heritage has been an important theme in many rural places it is equivalent to industrial heritage in urban areas. For example in Cornwall food has always been something of an importance so a lot of advertising has been done setting a very foodie image.
  3. The food image is something of pride to Cornwall. Jamie Oliver’s fifteen restaurants are based there and celebrity chef Rick Stein is also over there. Visitors and residents enjoy it so much that they now prefer to call Padstow, Padstein!
  4. Cornwall has also attracted visitors through arts and culture. Du Maurier festivals in May are held to attract people interested in art. Theatre, music and dance are now available at Hall for Cornwall in Truro.
  5. To prevent the brain drain of Cornwall, University College Falmouth and Exeter have joined to form the Combined Universities of Cornwall. This means that students are attracted by a wider range of courses and extra support schemes are run for those who open businesses in Cornwall. 
  6. For young tourists exciting places such as the Extreme Sports Academy at Watergate Bay have opened to attracted a more younger crowd.

How was the Docklands rebranded itself?

East London has been attracted with the stimulus the Olympic games 2012. Obviously with such a major event many flagship developments including the Olympics village and Olympics stadium. However, other developments such as Canary Wharf in Tower Hamlets have helped the town grow economically too.

The new identity of a more sporty and environmentally London has been promoted through advertising and documentaries on the development on the site. Young children are also given a chance to visit sites which are nearly done especially with London being ahead of time in this respect.

Sports has always been quite a successful catalyst. For example the 2002 Commonwealth games in Manchester really helped draw in tourists. The thing with sports that makes it such a good stimulus it leaves behind a legacy which helps provide a long-term income to an area.

Who are the key players involved in rebranding London Docklands?

  1. Local residents – their opinion are important as at the end of the day the transformation is taking place for them.
  2. Private investors– without them the process fails. They supply the most investment into an area.
  3. International Olympics committee as they decide where the Olympics is held and without them there would be no stimulus.
  4. Local Authority – they give the planning permission etc.
  5. The London Development Agency (LDA) – they are responsible for all urban development in London.
  6. Central government – they set aside money to invest in the process.
  7. Boris Johnson and TFL – they are responsible for transporting over a million people everyday and the main decisions that take place.
  8. Land owners – after all something that they own is involved.
  9. Designers, developer and engineers are the ones who have the ideas and skills to make the process happen.

Sustainability of the Docklands…

London has promised to make the Olympics as green as possible as well as leaving a sustainable legacy. Here are some things which are taking place:

  1. Brownfield sites and being gentrified and developed.
  2. Lea Valley Park is a length of greenery along the side of the river which is being developed in the run up to the olympics.
  3. Electrical Pylons are being dismantled and all wires are being placed underground.
  4. Soil which contains cyanide and mercury is just being replaced but it is being cleaned and put back into the ground which is a more time-consuming but sustainable method.
  5. 90% of the material used in the preparation of the games is supposed to be reusable material.

Climate Change: Key Players

Key Players in managing climate change

Kyoto Protocol

This was a global treaty which aimed to reduce carbon emissions by 2012. Countries such as America (1/4 emissions come from here), China, India, Brazil were not involved. All in all the treaty reduced emissions by less than 1%. They were two reasons for this failure (i) countries did not like the idea that this could change their economy and (ii) The major emitting countries were not signed up.

Big Businesses

Some big TNCs are larger than developing countries and so actions they take can have large impacts. At the beginning large motor companies and oil companies were against this because they felt they would financially suffer. However, large TNCs and other large firms are now taking the incentive to become energy efficient and use energy efficient appliance e.g. lighting because this is what consumers demand and it gives them a good PR hence increased profits. So they are cutting emissions and meeting the preferences of consumers. 

National Governments 

National governments play a large role in controlling carbon emissions. They can do this in many ways. For example, they can tax polluters, invest in other energy sources e.g. nuclear, encourage the usage of energy efficient appliance, give subsidies and grants to develop carbon neutral eco-towns and investing in sinks such as planting trees.

Local governments 

Local governments tend to implement strategies of national governments. London led the way with congestion charge and Leicester being the first environmental city. Local authorities can do a range of factors including using LED lights for traffic lights, improving bus services, providing cycle lanes, rewarding energy efficient companies etc. 


NGOs are great with educating consumers and governments with dangers of climate how and why we should act fast. They also put pressure on organisations and governments to act in climate change, having the role of a catalyst in coping with climate change.


The point when it comes to individuals is once they understand the meaning of carbon footprint and calculate their carbon footprint they can work on reducing it by doing various things. They can walk to school/walk, eat less meat, buy food locally, use energy efficient appliance, install small scale energy productions in their home e.g. solar panels etc.