Rebranding Players

What is involved in rebranding?

Who are the ‘rebranding players’ and what strategies exist for places to improve themselves?

Who are the rebranding players?

Rebranding players are all the people who are involved in the rebranding process. They are people’s whose opinions affects the process.  This includes; local residents, private investors, central government, local authority and many more.

How has Cornwall improved itself?

A range of techniques has been applied to rebrand Cornwall. These techniques all refer back to the what geographer call the ‘post-production countryside’. This means how the countryside should be used as farming declines even more.

  1. Farm diversification is the method in which farmers expand into other industries. As the industry has been in decline this method allows them to earn extra revenue for themselves and increase tourism. Lobb’s Farm Shop in Cornwall is farm which diversified into having a farm shop, tour scheme and even a visitor centre. This is now the second most visited attraction in Cornwall after the Eden Project.
  2. Rural heritage has been an important theme in many rural places it is equivalent to industrial heritage in urban areas. For example in Cornwall food has always been something of an importance so a lot of advertising has been done setting a very foodie image.
  3. The food image is something of pride to Cornwall. Jamie Oliver’s fifteen restaurants are based there and celebrity chef Rick Stein is also over there. Visitors and residents enjoy it so much that they now prefer to call Padstow, Padstein!
  4. Cornwall has also attracted visitors through arts and culture. Du Maurier festivals in May are held to attract people interested in art. Theatre, music and dance are now available at Hall for Cornwall in Truro.
  5. To prevent the brain drain of Cornwall, University College Falmouth and Exeter have joined to form the Combined Universities of Cornwall. This means that students are attracted by a wider range of courses and extra support schemes are run for those who open businesses in Cornwall. 
  6. For young tourists exciting places such as the Extreme Sports Academy at Watergate Bay have opened to attracted a more younger crowd.

How was the Docklands rebranded itself?

East London has been attracted with the stimulus the Olympic games 2012. Obviously with such a major event many flagship developments including the Olympics village and Olympics stadium. However, other developments such as Canary Wharf in Tower Hamlets have helped the town grow economically too.

The new identity of a more sporty and environmentally London has been promoted through advertising and documentaries on the development on the site. Young children are also given a chance to visit sites which are nearly done especially with London being ahead of time in this respect.

Sports has always been quite a successful catalyst. For example the 2002 Commonwealth games in Manchester really helped draw in tourists. The thing with sports that makes it such a good stimulus it leaves behind a legacy which helps provide a long-term income to an area.

Who are the key players involved in rebranding London Docklands?

  1. Local residents – their opinion are important as at the end of the day the transformation is taking place for them.
  2. Private investors– without them the process fails. They supply the most investment into an area.
  3. International Olympics committee as they decide where the Olympics is held and without them there would be no stimulus.
  4. Local Authority – they give the planning permission etc.
  5. The London Development Agency (LDA) – they are responsible for all urban development in London.
  6. Central government – they set aside money to invest in the process.
  7. Boris Johnson and TFL – they are responsible for transporting over a million people everyday and the main decisions that take place.
  8. Land owners – after all something that they own is involved.
  9. Designers, developer and engineers are the ones who have the ideas and skills to make the process happen.

Sustainability of the Docklands…

London has promised to make the Olympics as green as possible as well as leaving a sustainable legacy. Here are some things which are taking place:

  1. Brownfield sites and being gentrified and developed.
  2. Lea Valley Park is a length of greenery along the side of the river which is being developed in the run up to the olympics.
  3. Electrical Pylons are being dismantled and all wires are being placed underground.
  4. Soil which contains cyanide and mercury is just being replaced but it is being cleaned and put back into the ground which is a more time-consuming but sustainable method.
  5. 90% of the material used in the preparation of the games is supposed to be reusable material.

The Kyoto Protocol

Reaching global agreements; the 1997 Kyoto Protocol

What is the Kyoto Protocol?

The Kyoto Protocol is a global treaty which aims to cut carbon emissions by 2012. The initial conference was held on 11th December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan. It involved 175 countries. 

How will it cut carbon emission?

  1. Industrialized countries have a target of cutting their carbon emission by 5% from their 1990 levels by 2008-12. The targets vary with high polluting such as EU have a target of 8%, 5% for countries like Japan which produce average amounts of emissions and some extremely low emissions countries like Iceland have been allowed to increase their emissions.


It does not include the whole world and big polluters like Australia are not signed up

The USA which is responsible for 25% of the world’s emissions withdrew under the reign of George W Bush.

Many of the countries are off target with high-emitting countries increasing their emissions by 8%. 

However, the UK actually cut emissions by 3%.

Many developing countries never actually used real emissions and calculated annualy.

Many climatologists believe 5% is too low emissions must cut by 60% but countries are struggling with 5% how will they manage 60%.

Implications for the UK…

  • A change from coal to cleaner fuels like wind has reduced emissions.
  • A renewable energy policy to produce 10% of electricity, has meant that sources such as wind power is closer to targets than other forms.
  • The government taxed petrol in order to cut demand however this just resulted in protests.
  • Big reductions in emissions can be made through the usage of nuclear power stations however opinion polls show that the public is against this.

Commentary: ‘First Report: Reviewing the Constitution Chp 2’

In this post I share my  reaction to the politicians’ responses to being asked to define the constitution by the then newly created House of Lords Constitution Committee. You can find this publication at

  • The need to set some kind of definition of the constitution, is a good idea in my opinion because it provides a framework for considering any changes or amendments to workings of government or he legal system.
  • They offer the definition of “the set of laws, rules and practices that create the basic institutions of the state, and its component and related parts, and stipulate the powers of those institutions and the relationship between the different institutions and between those institutions and the individual. ” (para 20)
  • In addition they offer the five basic  tenets of the United Kingdom Constitution:
  1. Sovereignty of the Crown in Parliament
  2. The Rule of Law, encompassing the rights of the individual
  3. Union State
  4. Representative Government
  5. Membership of the Commonwealth, the European Union, and other international organisations.
  • They want to focus on significant constitutional issues, surely everything is significant in constitutional law as it somehow finds he way of affect citizens, their rights and relationship to the state.
  • Nevertheless to do this they utilise the two Ps test – a principal part of the constitutional framework and one that raises an important question of principle
  • This test is difficult, because how does one deduce whether something is a principal part of the constitutional framework as without any individual part it would appear the constitution fails.
  • Their definition is helpful in so far as it highlights what we should look at and analyse if we want to engage with constitutional matter but as for practical applications, that would affect judges or legislators or the government, it seems to be lacking practicality, largely due it being so broad.
  • I think that that this document shows the significance of the difference between a constitution which is a document and constitutionalism which is an ideology which is far-retching and difficult to confine to a sole definition.
  • If the UK was to draft a constitution, then it would have to include not only EU incorporated law and statutes such as HRA but common law principles and this would go against the notion of common law which is open to change without being entrenched and thus I find a contradiction in attempting in draft a constitution and abide by the flexible principles of a common law legal system.